Eyewash stations are designed to flush the eye and face area only. The need for emergency eyewash stations is based on the properties of the chemicals that workers use and the tasks that they do in the workplace.
An eyewash station is a unit for washing chemicals or substances that might splash into an individual's eyes before he or she can seek further medical attention. The user needs to wash their eyes for at least 15 minutes.
- The path from the hazard to the Eyewash or Eye/Face wash should be free of obstructions and tripping hazards.
- Eyewash flushing fluid shall be protected from airborne contaminants (dust covers), and shall not require a separate motion by the operator when activating the equipment.
- Manual actuators should be easy to locate and readily accessible to the user.
- Water temperature of Eye or Eye/Face wash station should be within 16 °C - 38 °C.
- Eye or Eye/Face wash stations should have highly visible and well lit signage.
Also known as a personal eyewash unit, it is a supplementary for eyewash stations. However, eyewash stations cannot be replaced by eyewash bottles since they do not meet safety standards. Eyewash bottles allow an individual to flush the injured area immediately, or until the individual can reach the fixed eyewash station.